# Air Conditioners and Refrigerators

(Difference between revisions)
 Revision as of 23:49, 28 June 2010 (view source)← Older edit Revision as of 22:42, 16 July 2010 (view source)Newer edit → Line 1: Line 1: - Air Conditioners and Refrigerators The second law explains how the Universe is continuously slipping The second law explains how the Universe is continuously slipping into chaos. This does not mean that there cannot be (on a local scale) a into chaos. This does not mean that there cannot be (on a local scale) a Line 9: Line 8: order, but creating order without causing even more disorder somewhere order, but creating order without causing even more disorder somewhere else (usually in the neighborhood). else (usually in the neighborhood). + Air conditioners and refrigerators are devices that move heat away from Air conditioners and refrigerators are devices that move heat away from a space in defiance of the common perception that heat moves from a a space in defiance of the common perception that heat moves from a Line 14: Line 14: additional energy in terms of electricity and creation of disorder outside additional energy in terms of electricity and creation of disorder outside the immediate neighborhood of these devices. the immediate neighborhood of these devices. + The operation of these devices can be best described as the heat engines The operation of these devices can be best described as the heat engines operating in reverse. Heat is removed from the space (inside the refrigerator operating in reverse. Heat is removed from the space (inside the refrigerator Line 20: Line 21: reservoir is the kitchen. In the case of the air-conditioner, it is the outside reservoir is the kitchen. In the case of the air-conditioner, it is the outside air. Energy input in the form of electricity or heat is needed to make the air. Energy input in the form of electricity or heat is needed to make the - uphill transfer of heat possible (Figure 5-8). + uphill transfer of heat possible (Figure 1). + + [[Image:energy5_(19).jpg |thumb|400 px|alt= Refrigerator | Figure 1: Refrigerator  ]] + 5-8 ==References== ==References==

## Revision as of 22:42, 16 July 2010

The second law explains how the Universe is continuously slipping into chaos. This does not mean that there cannot be (on a local scale) a transformation from chaos to order. In fact, this is the main mechanism by which we can defy nature. When we build houses, we change the randomly distributed bricks, lumber, and clay into structured walls of living rooms, bedrooms, and kitchens. We bring order into our house by cleaning it. What the second law precludes us from doing is not creating order, but creating order without causing even more disorder somewhere else (usually in the neighborhood).

Air conditioners and refrigerators are devices that move heat away from a space in defiance of the common perception that heat moves from a higher to a lower temperature. The price is of course the expenditure of additional energy in terms of electricity and creation of disorder outside the immediate neighborhood of these devices.

The operation of these devices can be best described as the heat engines operating in reverse. Heat is removed from the space (inside the refrigerator or air-conditioned room) and dumped into a second reservoir at a higher temperature. In the case of the household refrigerator, the second reservoir is the kitchen. In the case of the air-conditioner, it is the outside air. Energy input in the form of electricity or heat is needed to make the uphill transfer of heat possible (Figure 1).

File:Energy5 (19).jpg
Figure 1: Refrigerator

5-8